Analysis of the chicken genome has shown that the chicken has a different repertoire of chemokines and chemokine receptors to those of mammals and other species. In this study, we report the sequencing and analysis of a bacterial artificial chromosome containing the entire chicken MIP family CC chemokine cluster. The gene duplication and divergence events that have taken place in mammals do not appear to have occurred as extensively in the avian lineage, as chickens possess fewer MIP family chemokine genes than humans or mice. We previously proposed that the four chicken MIP family members be named chicken (ch) CCLi1-4, according to their position on chicken chromosome 19, until such time as further analysis could determine if any of them were direct orthologues of mammalian MIP family members. Our analysis herein, combined with that of others, suggests that chCCLi4 is the orthologue of mammalian CCL5, and that chCCLi3 (K203) may be an orthologue of human CCL16. The other two chemokines do not have obvious orthologues, and thus we propose that they should still be called chCCLi1 and chCCLi2, until their biological function is further characterised. A similar pattern applies to the MIP family chemokine receptors, with only three receptor genes present at the relevant locus in the chicken genome, compared to four in man and mouse (CCR1, CCR2, CCR3 and CCR5). Of the three chicken receptor genes, only two look likely to be receptors for the MIP family chemokines, the third grouping with human, mouse and chicken CCR8 in phylogenetic analysis. The two chicken MIP CC receptors (CCRs) are not direct orthologues of the mammalian MIP CCRs.