Realization, characterization, and optical modeling of inverted bulk-heterojunction organic solar cells

T. Ameri, G. Dennler, C. Waldauf, P. Denk, K. Forberich, M.C. Scharber, C.J. Brabec, K. Hingerl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Inverted bulk-heterojunction organic solar cells (OSCs) using solution-processed layers possess significant advantages compared to the usual noninverted devices. To investigate the full potential of this type of OSC, we have carried out some optical modeling by rigorous coupled wave analysis. The influence of the thickness of several different layers in the device has been quantified, as well as the maximum possible number of photons absorbed in the poly(3-hexyltiophene):[6,6]-phenyl- C61 -butyric acid methyl ester active layer for both conventional and inverted structures. It appears that the thickness of the hole injecting layer placed in front of the metallic mirror can influence the electromagnetic field distribution in the OSC, but no additional beneficial optical spacer effect is observed. The thickness of the electron injecting layer deposited on the semitransparent electrode also has a negligible influence on the photons absorbed in the active layer for the inverted structure. © 2008 American Institute of Physics.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of applied physics
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2008


  • Electromagnetic field effects
  • Heterojunctions
  • Optical properties
  • Photons
  • Inverted bulk heterojunction
  • Organic solar cells (OSC)
  • Solar cells


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