Recent developments in vascular ultrasound technology

P. R. Hoskins*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review


This article describes four technologies relevant to vascular ultrasoundwhich are availablecommercially in 2015,andtraces their originback through the research literature. The technologies are3Dultrasound and its use in plaque volume estimation (first described in 1994), colour vector Doppler for flow visualisation (1994), wall motion for estimation of arterial stiffness (1968), and shear wave elastography imaging of the arterial wall (2010). Overall these technologies have contributed to the understanding of vascular disease but have had little impact on clinical practice. The basic toolkit for vascular ultrasound has for the last 25 years been real-time B-mode, colour flow and spectral Doppler. What has changed over this time is improvement in image quality. Looking ahead it is noted that 2D array transducers and high frame rate imaging continue to spread through the commercial vascular ultrasound sector and both have the potential to impact on clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)158-165
Number of pages8
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2015


  • 3D
  • B-mode
  • Doppler ultrasound
  • Elastography
  • Plaque volume
  • Shear wave imaging
  • Spectral doppler
  • Stiffness
  • Vascular ultrasound
  • Vector doppler
  • Wall motion


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