Recombinant chicken IL-6 does not activate heterophils isolated from day-old chickens in vitro

P J Ferro, Lisa Rothwell, C. L. Swaggerty, Pete Kaiser, M. H. Kogut

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Pro-inflammatory cytokines are produced as part of innate immunity. Increased resistance to extraintestinal Salmonella enteritidis (SE) has been associated with an increase in heterophil pro-inflammatory cytokine gene expression. Invasion of chicken epithelial cells by SE induces an 8- to 10-fold increase in interleukin (IL) -6 production. Infection with SE induces an influx of heterophils to the site of infection; therefore, we hypothesize heterophils would be responsive to IL-6. The objective was to determine the effects of COS cell-derived recombinant chicken interleukin 6 (rChIL-6) on in vitro functional activity of heterophils. Heterophils were incubated with rChIL-6 or mock-transfected COS cell supernatant and functional activity was assessed. Heterophils treated with rChIL-6 showed no functional differences compared to controls. These data indicate rChIL-6, alone, does not affect the functional activity of neonatal chicken heterophils in vitro. Therefore, the function of IL-6 in the local environment in response to SE invasion is still unknown.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)375-383
Number of pages11
JournalDevelopmental and Comparative Immunology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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