Recombination in the evolution of human rhinovirus genomes

Chloe L McIntyre, Carita Savolainen-Kopra, Tapani Hovi, Peter Simmonds

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Human rhinoviruses (HRV) are highly prevalent human respiratory pathogens that belong to the genus Enterovirus. Although recombination within the coding region is frequent in other picornavirus groups, most evidence of recombination in HRV has been restricted to the 5' untranslated region. We analysed the occurrence of recombination within published complete genome sequences of members of all three HRV species and additionally compared sequences from HRV strains spanning 14 years. HRV-B and HRV-C showed very little evidence of recombination within the coding region. In contrast, HRV-A sequences appeared to have undergone a large number of recombination events, typically involving whole type groups. This suggests that HRV-A may have been subject to extensive recombination during the period of diversification into types. This study demonstrates the rare and sporadic nature of contemporary recombination of HRV strains and contrasts with evidence of extensive recombination within HRV-A and between members of different species during earlier stages in its evolutionary diversification.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1497-1515
Number of pages19
JournalArchives of Virology
Issue number7
Early online date27 Feb 2013
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013


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