Reconstitution of an active human CENP-E motor

Benjamin Craske, Thibault Legal, Julie P I Welburn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

CENP-E is a large kinesin motor protein which plays pivotal roles in mitosis by facilitating chromosome capture, alignment and promoting microtubule flux in the spindle. So far, it has not been possible to obtain active human CENP-E to study its molecular properties. Xenopus CENP-E motor has been characterised in vitro and is used as a model motor, however its protein sequence differs significantly from human CENP-E. Here, we characterise human CENP-E motility in vitro. Full length CENP-E exhibits an increase in run length and longer residency times on microtubules when compared to CENP-E motor truncations, indicating that the C-terminal microtubule binding site enhances the processivity when the full-length motor is active. In contrast to constitutively active human CENP-E truncations, full-length human CENP-E has a reduced microtubule landing rate invitro, suggesting that the non-motor coiled coil regions self-regulate motor activity. Together, we demonstrate that human CENP-E is a processive motor, providing a useful tool to study the mechanistic basis for how human CENP-E drives chromosome congression and spindle organisation during human cell division.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
JournalOpen Biology
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Mar 2022

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • motor
  • mitosis
  • microtubule
  • motility
  • regulation
  • CENP-E
  • kinetochore

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