Redesigning traditional weed management practices in faba bean fields to optimize food-feed production in the smallholder system

Melkamu Bezabih, Kindu Mekonnen, Aberra Adie, Tamene Tadesse, Ajebu Nurfeta, Workneh Dubale, Tesfaye Habiso, Tessema Z. Kelkay, Million Getnet, Kebebe Ergano, Alan Duncan, Peter W. Thorne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

During the main cropping season, Ethiopian farmers deliberately weed faba bean (Vicia faba) fields much later than recommended and use the weed herbage mass as feed. This study examined the rationale behind farmers’ practices and explored options to further improve productivity. The study involved two experiments. The first compared the overall benefit from the traditional weed management regime against the frequent weeding recommendation. Sixty farmers participated, each preparing two plots. The plots were randomly assigned to either traditional (one late weeding) or improved (two early weeding) management. The second examined the suitability of intercropping faba bean with oats (Avena sativa). It involved a 5×3 factorial experiment, three management practices (traditional, improved and faba bean oat intercropping) and five faba bean varieties repeated over three years. In the first experiment the improved weed management increased grain yield (2.49 vs 2.12 Mg ha-1) compared to the traditional. But the traditional management produced higher (P<0.01) weed forage biomass (2.12 vs 0.27 Mg ha-1) compared to the improved. The analysis showed the opportunity costs associated with the loss in weed forage biomass were not convincingly offset by the economic gains from increased grain yields. In the second experiment, grain yield was again highest for the improved weed management and lowest for the intercropping. Analysis of economic returns revealed that the intercropping management provides greater benefit over the traditional management practice. Farmers’ decisions have a rational economic basis and building on the traditional practice with improved forage intercropping would allow to further optimize productivity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)248-258
JournalAgronomy Journal
Volume114
Issue number1
Early online date6 Aug 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022

Keywords

  • mixed farming
  • feed
  • delayed weeding
  • faba bean
  • intercropping
  • forage oat

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