Reduced Na⁺ current density underlies impaired propagation in the diabetic rabbit ventricle

Catherine L Stables, Hassan Musa, Aditi Mitra, Sandesh Bhushal, Makarand Deo, Guadalupe Guerrero-Serna, Sergey Mironov, Manuel Zarzoso, Karen L Vikstrom, William Cawthorn, Sandeep V Pandit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Diabetes is associated with an increased risk of sudden cardiac death, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Our goal was to investigate changes occurring in the action potential duration (APD) and conduction velocity (CV) in the diabetic rabbit ventricle, and delineate the principal ionic determinants. A rabbit model of alloxan-induced diabetes was utilized. Optical imaging was used to record electrical activity in isolated Langendorff-perfused hearts in normo-, hypo- and hyper-kalemia ([K(+)]o=4, 2, 12 mM respectively). Patch clamp experiments were conducted to record Na(+) current (I(Na)) in isolated ventricular myocytes. The mRNA/protein expression levels for Nav1.5 (the α-subunit of I(Na)) and connexin-43 (Cx43), as well as fibrosis levels were examined. Computer simulations were performed to interpret experimental data. We found that the APD was not different, but the CV was significantly reduced in diabetic hearts in normo-, hypo-, and, hyper-kalemic conditions (13%, 17% and 33% reduction in diabetic vs. control, respectively). The cell capacitance (Cm) was increased (by ~14%), and the density of INa was reduced by ~32% in diabetic compared to control hearts, but the other biophysical properties of I(Na) were unaltered. The mRNA/protein expression levels for Cx43 were unaltered. For Nav1.5, the mRNA expression was not changed, and though the protein level tended to be less in diabetic hearts, this reduction was not statistically significant. Staining showed no difference in fibrosis levels between the control and diabetic ventricles. Computer simulations showed that the reduced magnitude of I(Na) was a key determinant of impaired propagation in the diabetic ventricle, which may have important implications for arrhythmogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-31
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Volume69
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014

Keywords

  • Action Potentials
  • Animals
  • Blotting, Western
  • Computer Simulation
  • Connexin 43
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental
  • Fibrosis
  • Heart Conduction System
  • Heart Ventricles
  • Male
  • Myocytes, Cardiac
  • Patch-Clamp Techniques
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Rabbits
  • Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Sodium

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