Refining and regaining skills in fixation/diversification stage performers: The Five-A Model

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Technical change is one of many factors underpinning success in elite, fixation/ diversification stage performers. Surprisingly, however, there is a dearth of research pertaining to this process or the most efficacious methods used to bring about such a change. In this paper we highlight the emergent processes, yet also the lack in mechanistic comprehension surrounding technical change, addressing issues within the motor control, sport psychology, coaching and choking literature. More importantly, we seek an understanding of how these changes can be made more secure to competitive pressure, and how this can be embedded within the process of technical change. Following this review, we propose the Five-A Model based on successful coaching techniques, psychosocial concomitants, the avoidance of choking and principles of effective behaviour change. Specific mechanisms for each stage are discussed, with a focus on the use of holistic rhythm-based cues as a possible way of internalising changes. Finally, we suggest the need for further research to examine these five stages, to aid a more comprehensive construction of the content and delivery of such a programme within the applied setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-167
Number of pages22
JournalInternational Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2011

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Fixation/ diversification stage performers
  • Pressure resistance
  • Technical change
  • The Five-A Model


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