Refining the domain architecture model of the replication origin firing factor Treslin/TICRR

Pedro Ferreira, Luis Sanchez-Pulido, Anika Marko, Chris P Ponting, Dominik Boos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Faithful genome duplication requires appropriately controlled replication origin firing. The metazoan origin firing regulation hub Treslin/TICRR and its yeast orthologue Sld3 share the Sld3-Treslin domain and the adjacent TopBP1/Dpb11 interaction domain. We report a revised domain architecture model of Treslin/TICRR. Protein sequence analyses uncovered a conserved Ku70-homologous β-barrel fold in the Treslin/TICRR middle domain (M domain) and in Sld3. Thus, the Sld3-homologous Treslin/TICRR core comprises its three central domains, M domain, Sld3-Treslin domain, and TopBP1/Dpb11 interaction domain, flanked by non-conserved terminal domains, the CIT (conserved in Treslins) and the C terminus. The CIT includes a von Willebrand factor type A domain. Unexpectedly, MTBP, Treslin/TICRR, and Ku70/80 share the same N-terminal domain architecture, von Willebrand factor type A and Ku70-like β-barrels, suggesting a common ancestry. Binding experiments using mutants and the Sld3-Sld7 dimer structure suggest that the Treslin/Sld3 and MTBP/Sld7 β-barrels engage in homotypic interactions, reminiscent of Ku70-Ku80 dimerization. Cells expressing Treslin/TICRR domain mutants indicate that all Sld3-core domains and the non-conserved terminal domains fulfil important functions during origin firing in human cells. Thus, metazoa-specific and widely conserved molecular processes cooperate during metazoan origin firing.

Original languageEnglish
JournalLife Science Alliance
Volume5
Issue number5
Early online date28 Jan 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2022

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