Reformed theology in modern Europe (nineteenth and twentieth centuries)

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The history of nineteenth and twentieth century Europe is one of upheaval. How did modern European Reformed theologians and theologies fare as the social, political, cultural and intellectual ground upon which they stood was shifting? This chapter explores developments in Reformed theology in Scotland, Germany, the Netherlands, Switzerland, France, and Hungary. It argues that the nineteenth century saw Reformed theology coming to terms with the Enlightenment – conforming to it, in the case of classical liberal theology, and challenging it, in the case of the Réveil. In the twentieth century, the two most historically important attempts to reimagine the Reformed faith in a culturally modern Europe were neo-Calvinism (Bavinck and Kuyper) and neo-Orthodoxy (Barth). The story of twentieth century European Reformed theology, for the most part, was the story of Reformed theologians reorienting themselves in relation to Basel and Amsterdam, as the ground moved beneath their feet.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of Reformed Theology
EditorsMichael Allen, Scott R. Swain
PublisherOxford University Press
Pages134-153
Number of pages19
ISBN (Print)9780198723912
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Oct 2020

Publication series

NameOxford Handbooks
PublisherOxford University Press

Keywords

  • reformed theology
  • neo-Calvinism
  • neo-Orthodoxy
  • Europe
  • modern theology
  • modern Europe
  • nineteenth century
  • twentieth century

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