T-glottaling is a well-studied variable in UK English and a well-known feature of Scottish varieties. Speaker age, gender, social class, and formality of talk are typical social predictors (e.g., Stuart-Smith 1999; Schleef 2013). Some have posited that the glottal variant may have been innovated in Scotland separately from in Southern England (Schleef 2013; Smith & Holmes-Elliott 2018). To explore the constraints on glottal realization, as well as this polygenetic hypothesis, we consider variation within Scotland. While Stuart-Smith (1999) identified differences within Glasgow according to social class, we consider differences within Scotland according to region and formality.
|Publication status||Published - 5 Sep 2019|
|Event||UKLVC 2019 - QMUL, London, United Kingdom|
Duration: 3 Sep 2019 → 5 Sep 2019
|Period||3/09/19 → 5/09/19|
- regional variation
- social class