Regional variations of ultrasonic integrated backscatter in normal and myopathic left ventricles. A new multi-view approach

K P Bouki, A Lange, P Palka, C M Moran, L N Fenn, R A Wright, K A Fox, W N McDicken, G R Sutherland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to determine whether the cyclic variation of integrated backscatter is measurable and quantifiable in all left ventricular walls and whether the information obtained using both parasternal and apical transducer positions can be used to identify changes in myocardial structure and contractility. The cyclic variation of integrated backscatter was measured from the parasternal long-axis, apical four-chamber and two-chamber views in 26 patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (mean age 58 +/- 9 years; ejection fraction 29 +/- 10%) and compared with information obtained from 30 aged-matched healthy volunteers. For each subject, the cyclic variation of integrated backscatter was calculated from 16 predetermined regions-of-interest located within the myocardium of the basal and mid-segments of the left ventricle imaged from the long-axis view and also the basal mid and apical left ventricular segments imaged from the two apical views. The cyclic variation of integrated backscatter was found to be present in 100% of the analysed regions-of-interest in healthy volunteers and in 87.5% of the analysed regions-of-interest in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. The mean value of cyclic variation of integrated backscatter, averaged from all regions-of-interest in the idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy group, was significantly reduced compared to that in the healthy volunteers group (3.2 +/- 2.5 dB [mean +/- SD] vs 4.8 +/- 2.9 dB, P < 0.0001). Additionally, the healthy volunteers group demonstrated marked regional variability in the magnitude of cyclic variation of integrated backscatter which closely followed the regional changes in the contractile function of the normal heart. These regional differences in the magnitude of the cyclic variation of integrated backscatter were only partially retained in the idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy group, and suggest that a multi-view approach of the recording of cyclic variation of integrated backscatter can be of value to differentiate normal from myopathic myocardium and to quantify regional differences in myocardial contractile performance throughout the left ventricular walls.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1747-55
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Volume17
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1996

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cardiomyopathy, Dilated
  • Echocardiography
  • Echocardiography, Doppler
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Contraction
  • Myocardium
  • Observer Variation
  • Prospective Studies

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Regional variations of ultrasonic integrated backscatter in normal and myopathic left ventricles. A new multi-view approach'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this