Regulation of the murine TRACP gene promoter

A I Cassady, A Luchin, M C Ostrowski, D A Hume

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The activity of the TRACP promoter has been investigated as a model of gene regulation in osteoclasts. The murine TRACP gene promoter contains potential binding sites for a number of transcription factors in particular, candidate sites for the Ets factor PU.1 and for the microphthalmia transcription factor (MiTF). These are of relevance to osteoclast biology because the PU.1 knockout mouse has an osteopetrotic phenotype, and MiTF, when mutated in the mi/mi mouse, also results in osteopetrosis. The binding sites for both of these factors have been identified, and they have been determined to be functional in regulating TRACP expression. A novel assay system using the highly osteoclastogenic RAW/C4 subclone of the murine macrophage cell line RAW264.7 was used to perform gene expression experiments on macrophage and osteoclast cell backgrounds. We have shown that TRACP expression is a target for regulation by the macrophage/osteoclast transcription factor PU.1 and the osteoclast commitment factor MiTF and that these factors act synergistically in regulating this promoter. This directly links two controlling factors of osteoclast differentiation to the expression of an effector of cell function.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1901-4
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Bone and Mineral Research
Volume18
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2003

Keywords

  • Acid Phosphatase
  • Animals
  • Binding Sites
  • Cell Line
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Genes, Reporter
  • Isoenzymes
  • Luciferases
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Microphthalmia-Associated Transcription Factor
  • Osteopetrosis
  • Phenotype
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Trans-Activators
  • Transcription Factors

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