Regulation of the sheep beta-lactoglobulin gene by lactogenic hormones is mediated by a transcription factor that binds an interferon-gamma activation site-related element

Tom Burdon, K A Maitland, A J Clark, R. Wallace, C J Watson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Polypeptide and steroid hormones regulate the transcription of milk protein genes in the mammary gland. The promoter sequence motifs and factors through which these hormones mediate their effects in vivo are not clearly defined. Milk protein binding factor (MPBF) is a factor that has recognition sites in the promoters of many milk protein genes including three sites in the promoter of the sheep beta-lactoglobulin (BLG) gene. Mutagenesis of these sites reduced expression of the BLG gene in lactating mammary glands of transgenic mice but did not affect the tissue specificity of the transgene. Furthermore, mutation of all three sites abolished the response of the BLG gene to lactogenic hormones in HC11 mammary cells. Together these results indicate that MPBF mediates the effects of lactogenic hormones in the mammary gland but does not play a role in determining mammary specificity. The similarity between the MPBF binding site and the gamma-interferon activating site suggests that MPBF is related to the STAT family of cytokine-induced transcription factors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1528-36
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular Endocrinology
Volume8
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1994

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Cell Line
  • DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism
  • Dexamethasone/pharmacology
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Insulin/pharmacology
  • Interferon-gamma/metabolism
  • Lactoglobulins/biosynthesis
  • Lactoglobulins/genetics
  • Mammary Glands, Animal/metabolism
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
  • Prolactin/pharmacology
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic/genetics
  • Receptors, Prolactin/metabolism
  • Receptors, Prolactin/physiology
  • Sheep
  • Transcription Factors/metabolism

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