Relationship Violence, Fear, and Exposure to Youth Violence Among Adolescents in New York City

Melissa DuPoint-Reyes, Deborah Fry, Vaughn I. Rickert, David L. Bell, Niki Palmetto, Leslie L. Davidson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Previous research has shown that there is an overlap between experiences of youth violence and adolescent relationship violence. Yet, little research exists which investigates the sex differences in the associations between specific types of youth violence and relationship violence while controlling for potential confounders. This study addresses this gap in the literature by exploring the associations between experiences of youth violence and receiving and delivering relationship violence in an urban adolescent sample. From 2006 to 2007, 1,454 adolescents aged 13 to 21 years in New York City completed an anonymous survey that included the validated Conflict in Adolescent Relationships Inventory that estimates experiences of relationship violence in the previous year as well as the prevalence of various exposures to youth violence. Bivariate and multivariate analyses assessed the overlap between experiencing other types of youth violence and delivering and receiving physical relationship violence and sexual coercion. Compared with youth in nonviolent relationships, we found a significant association between delivering and receiving relationship physical violence and sexual coercion with participating in a fight, missing school due to fear, being threatened/injured with a weapon, gang membership, and carrying a weapon among both males and females. We also identified the sex differences between these specific associations of youth and relationship violence. Service providers working with adolescents experiencing relationship violence should be aware that they face a higher concurrent risk of experiencing or participating in other forms of youth violence. Likewise, providers working in the area of youth violence intervention and prevention should consider the possibility of concurrent relationship violence. Based on these findings, further research should explore whether interventions targeting relationship violence can also impact participation in youth violence and vice versa.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2325-2350
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Volume29
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Relationship violence
  • Adolescents
  • Youth violence
  • Sexual coercion

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