Reproductive performance in relation to uterine and embryonic traits during early gestation in Meishan, large white and crossbred sows

J M Galvin, I Wilmut, B N Day, M Ritchie, M Thomson, C S Haley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Previous studies have shown that females of the Chinese Meishan breed and of their F1 cross with European Large White pigs are very prolific, producing about four more piglets per litter than control Large White females. The main cause of this prolificacy is enhanced prenatal survival for a given ovulation rate in Meishan and F1 females and this is controlled by genes of the mother, not those of the conceptus. The objectives of this study were to determine whether genotypic differences in embryo survival were apparent in the period immediately after attachment and to compare embryonic and uterine development at this time. Sows in their third parity (20 Large White, 14 Meishan, 25 Large White x Meishan F1 and 25 Meishan x Large White F1) were killed 20-22 days after mating and their reproductive tracts recovered for further study. There were significant differences between the purebred sows, and crossbred sows were approximately intermediate for the number of corpora lutea (20.7 +/- 0.9, 27.8 +/- 1.1, 22.4 +/- 0.8 and 23.3 +/- 0.8 for the four genotypes, respectively), the number of embryos (15.2 +/- 0.9, 23.4 +/- 1.1, 17.2 +/- 0.8 and 18.8 +/- 0.8, respectively) and the proportionate embryo survival (0.74 +/- 0.04, 0.84 +/- 0.04, 0.78 +/- 0.03 and 0.82 +/- 0.03, respectively). There was a negative association within genotype between embryo survival and the number of corpora lutea. Adjusting for the genotypic difference in the number of corpora lutea increased the genotypic differences in embryo survival.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)377-84
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of reproduction and fertility
Volume98
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1993

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Corpus Luteum
  • Embryo, Mammalian
  • Female
  • Fetal Death
  • Genotype
  • Gestational Age
  • Hybrid Vigor
  • Litter Size
  • Models, Biological
  • Organ Size
  • Ovulation
  • Placenta
  • Pregnancy
  • Reproduction
  • Swine
  • Uterus

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