Mesenchymal stem or stromal cells (MSCs) play key roles in tissue homeostasis. In the cyclic equine endometrium, this may be regulated by changes in serum concentrations of sex steroid hormones. This study was designed to investigate the changes in endometrial expression of MSC markers during reproductive cycles in mares and the influence of sex steroid hormones on endometrial MSC proliferation in vitro. Endometrial biopsies were collected from pony mares at different reproductive stages (estrus; day 5 and 13 after ovulation; seasonal anestrus; 20 hours and 7days post-partum; n=5 per stage) and were analyzed by RT-qPCR. MSC (CD29, CD44, CD73, CD90, CD105) and perivascular (CD146, NG2) markers were present in all samples irrespective of reproductive stage. Transcript levels of most markers were present at lowest levels on day 5 after ovulation and at 20 hours post-partum. MSCs isolated from endometrial tissue (n=6 mares) were cultured in the presence of progesterone (0.01 to 100μM) and estradiol 17β (0.1 to 1μM), and cell proliferation was analyzed using alamarBlue® assay. Relative to cells incubated in steroid-depleted media, both progesterone and estradiol 17β moderately increased cell proliferation (1.1- and 1.2-fold, respectively) independently of the concentration used. In conclusion, our results suggest that levels of MSC markers in equine endometrium dynamically change across reproductive cycles and that MSC populations are in part regulated by sex steroids.
|Early online date||4 May 2018|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2018|
- Mesenchymal stromal/stem cells
- Sex steroid hormone