Research on Common-Mode and Dependent (CMD) Outage Events in Power Systems: A Review

Milorad Papic, Sudhir Agarwal, Ron N. Allan, Roy Billinton, Chris Dent, Svetlana Ekisheva, Daniel Gent, Kai Jiang, Wenyuan Li, Joydeep Mitra, Andrea Pitto, Alexander Schneider, Chanan Singh, Vijay Venu Vadlamudi, Matthew Varghese

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The purpose of this paper is to present a review of some fundamental concepts and practical applications in the area of common-mode and dependent (CMD) outage events in power systems. The paper is a result of ongoing activity carried out by the Probability Applications for Common and dependent Mode Events (PACME) Working Group (WG) of the Reliability, Risk and Probability Applications Subcommittee. The PACME WG was formed in 2010 to review, advance, and present the research and practical applications in the area of CMD outage events. This paper presents state-of-the-art in research, modeling, and applications of CMD outage events in power system planning and operation. Issues considered include: data monitoring and collection, and probabilistic modeling and evaluation in the planning, and operation of power generation and transmission systems. Additionally, some results obtained from outage data statistics corresponding to CMD outage events in systems such as Generating Availability Data System, Transmission Availability Data System, and Canadian Electrical Association are presented.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1528-1536
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Issue number2
Early online date11 Jul 2016
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2017


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