Resilience, Fire and the UK Codes and Standards. Where are they and where could they go?

Martina Manes*, David Lange, David Rush

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

The term resilience is being more widely adopted in fire safety engineering, however, its comprehensive description is not clearly explained or correctly applied in practice. This study, therefore, defines the categories, dimensions, characteristics, capacities, objectives and missions possessed by resilience to provide a holistic understanding of the term. This is followed by an analysis and classification of the UK Standards and Codes addressing resilience considering their administrative and engineering features of resilience, and their resilience dimensions with definitions of fire resilience measures and approaches. A practical example of a fire resilience framework is applied in educational buildings considering internal resilience for a safe facility, risk reduction and disaster management, and external resilience involving redundancy of resources and community support. Finally, a fire resilience design framework is created in which structural and fire safety engineering are considered clarifying the steps to follow in a comprehensive design process based on a flow chart. This paper will contribute to the creation of a unified terminology and understanding of the concept linked to resilience to be adopted in various disciplines.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIndoor and Built Environment
Early online date21 Feb 2022
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 21 Feb 2022

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Resilience
  • fire prevention
  • building management systems
  • social environment planning
  • structural integrity and safety
  • Regulations


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