Resonance based schemes for dispersive equations via decorated trees

Yvain Bruned, Katharina Schratz

Research output: Working paper

Abstract

We introduce a numerical framework for dispersive equations embedding their underlying resonance structure into the discretisation. This will allow us to resolve the nonlinear oscillations of the PDE and to approximate with high order accuracy a large class of equations under lower regularity assumptions than classical techniques require. The key idea to control the nonlinear frequency interactions in the system up to arbitrary high order thereby lies in a tailored decorated tree formalism. Our algebraic structures are close to the ones developed for singular SPDEs with Regularity Structures. We adapt them to the context of dispersive PDEs by using a novel class of decorations {which encode the dominant frequencies}. The structure proposed in this paper is new and gives a variant of the Butcher-Connes-Kreimer Hopf algebra on decorated trees. We observe a similar Birkhoff type factorisation as in SPDEs and perturbative quantum field theory. This factorisation allows us to single out oscillations and to optimise the local error by mapping it to the particular regularity of the solution. The field of singular SPDEs took advantage of numerical methods and renormalisation in perturbative quantum field theory by extending their structures via the adjunction of decorations and Taylor expansions. Now, through this work, Numerical Analysis is taking advantage of these extended structures and provides a new perspective on them.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherArXiv
Number of pages69
Publication statusPublished - 5 May 2020

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