Resource allocation for energy efficient cellular systems

Stefan Videv*, John S. Thompson, Harald Haas, Peter M. Grant

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

The need for more throughput in wireless cellular networks has been increasing in recent years. It has led to an increase in operational costs due to higher energy use as operators deploy more cell sites or increase transmission power at existing ones to satisfy demand. Energy costs are a major expense, and reducing them is a priority. This article presents a scheduler which aims to solve the problem of energy efficient resource allocation in orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA) cellular systems. The suggested approach is to make the resource scheduling process also consider energy costs as well as allow it to manipulate these by exploiting time/frequency vs energy efficiency trade-offs that are present in the system. The energy efficient score-based scheduler (EESBS) is a novel scheduler which takes energy costs into account when allocating resource blocks (RBs) to users. This allows it to promote energy efficiency in the system alongside throughput and fairness maximization. One of the means it has to manipulate users' expended energy is the bandwidth expanded mode (BEM). BEM is a technique that allows the scheduler to decrease a user's energy consumption by allocating it more RBs and maintaining a constant data rate. This is possible when the energy consumption is dominated by the energy used for data communication as opposed to control channel overhead transmission. Time compression mode (TCoM) is a technique that is complementary to BEM. It allows for energy savings through a reduction of the number of allocated RBs to a user when the energy consumption is dominated by the transmission of signaling traffic. Both BEM and TCoM need to be employed by an energy-aware scheduler like EESBS in order to extract the maximum performance gains. A realistic framework modeling future cellular systems is established to test the performance of the proposed techniques. Within this framework, EESBS generates an average energy saving of 29% over a frequency selective proportional fair (FsPF) benchmark. EESBS coupled with BEM or TCoM achieves a saving of 38% over the same benchmark. These savings are achieved with no detriment to user satisfaction in terms of achieved data rate.

Original languageEnglish
Article number181
JournalEURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking
Volume2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 May 2012

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  • Green Radio

    Thompson, J.

    EPSRC

    1/01/0931/07/12

    Project: Research

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