Response of non-premixed flames to bulk flow perturbations

Nicholas Magina, Dong-Hyuk Shin, Vishal Acharya, Tim Lieuwen

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This paper describes the dynamics of non-premixed flames responding to bulk velocity fluctuations, and compares the dynamics of the flame sheet position and spatially integrated heat release to that of a premixed flame. The space–time dynamics of the non-premixed flame sheet in the fast chemistry limit is described by the stoichiometric mixture fraction surface, extracted from the solution of the Full-size image (<1 K)-equation. This procedure has some analogies to premixed flames, where the premixed flame sheet location is extracted from the G = 0 surface of the solution of the G-equation. A key difference between the premixed and non-premixed flame dynamics, however, is the fact that the non-premixed flame sheet dynamics are a function of the disturbance field everywhere, and not just at the reaction sheet, as in the premixed flame problem. A second key difference is that the non-premixed flame does not propagate and so flame wrinkles are convected downstream at the axial flow velocity, while wrinkles in premixed flames convect downstream at a vector sum of the flame speed and axial velocity. With the exception of the flame wrinkle propagation speed, however, we show that that the solutions for the space–time dynamics of the premixed and non-premixed reaction sheets in high velocity axial flows are quite similar. In contrast, there are important differences in their spatially integrated unsteady heat release dynamics. Premixed flame heat release fluctuations are dominated by area fluctuations, while non-premixed flames are dominated by mass burning rate fluctuations. At low Strouhal numbers, the resultant sensitivity of both flames to flow disturbances is the same, but the non-premixed flame response rolls off slower with frequency. Hence, this analysis suggests that non-premixed flames are more sensitive to flow perturbations than premixed flames at O(1) Strouhal numbers
Original languageEnglish
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 4 Aug 2012

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