Response of stone wool-insulated building barriers under severe heating exposures

Blanca Andres*, Karlis Livkiss, Juan Hidalgo-Medina, Patrick van Hees, Luke Bisby, Nils Johansson, Abhishek Bhargava

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This article presents the experimental results of stone wool-layered sandwich constructions, with either steel or gypsum claddings, tested under four different heating exposures: 7kW/m(2) incident radiant heat flux exposure, 60kW/m(2) incident radiant heat flux exposure, parametric time-temperature curve exposure and ISO 834 standard time-temperature exposure. The test apparatus used were a movable radiant panel system, a mid-scale furnace (1.5m(3)) and a large-scale furnace (15m(3)). The results show that reduced-scale tests are capable of reproducing the heat transferred through the construction at large scale provided there is limited mechanical degradation. The results indicate that the availability of oxygen is fundamental to the fire behaviour of the sandwich composites tested. Reactions occurring in stone wool micro-scale testing, such as oxidative combustion of the binder or crystallisation of the fibres, have a limited effect on the temperature increase when wool is protected from air entrainment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-341
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of fire sciences
Volume36
Issue number4
Early online date8 Jul 2018
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 8 Jul 2018

Keywords

  • Stone wool-insulated sandwich panels
  • building fire barriers
  • full-scale experiments
  • intermediate scale experiments
  • severe heat exposures
  • furnace test
  • H-TRIS test
  • THERMAL PERFORMANCE
  • FIRE RESISTANCE
  • GYPSUM BOARD
  • STUD WALLS
  • PLASTERBOARDS
  • TEMPERATURES
  • PANELS
  • MODEL

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