Response to Berkson, Davis & Stricker, What does incipient /ay/ raising look like?

Josef Fruehwald

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debatepeer-review


Berkson, Davis, and Strickler (2017) provide an invaluable report on incipient /ay/-raising in Fort Wayne, Indiana. Their data suggest that /ay/-raising conditioned strictly by phonetic voicelessness is a possible early stage in the development of /ay/-raising. This raises a particularly vexing question of why /ay/-raising has gone on to be conditioned by phonological voicing in all North American varieties for which its interaction with /t, d/ flapping has been examined. It suggests that the process of phonologization reorganizes the distribution of phonetic variants, rather than simply discretizing phonetic precursors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e192-e197
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sep 2017


  • Canadian raising
  • phonologization
  • incipient sound change
  • flapping
  • metrical foot


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