Over recent years, selection methodologies have been developed to allow the maximization of genetic gain whilst constraining the rate of inbreeding. The desired rate of inbreeding is achieved by constraining the group coancestry using the numerator relationship matrix computed from pedigree. It is shown that when the method is applied to mixed inheritance models, where a QTL is segregating together with polygenes, the rate of inbreeding achieved in the region around a QTL is greater than the desired level. The constraint on group coancestry at specific positions around the QTL is achieved by using a relationship matrix computed from pedigree and genetic markers. However, the rate of inbreeding realized at the position of constraint is lower than that expected given the assumed relationship between group coancestry and the subsequent rate of inbreeding. The use of markers in the calculation of the relationship matrix allows the selection of candidates with very low or zero relationships because they are homozygous for alternative alleles, which results in a heterozygosity amongst their offspring higher than would be expected given their allele frequencies. A generation of random selection restored the expected relationship between group coancestry and inbreeding.
- Animals Animals, Domestic/ genetics Genome Inbreeding Quantitative Trait Loci