Rethinking case marking and case alternation in Estonian

Merilin Miljan*, Ronnie Cann

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this paper, we argue for a view of case marking that does not treat case as the passive realisation of other morpho-syntactic properties of a construction but as independently bringing information to a clause. This different view of case entails that precise functions of case-marked expressions may be determined by the interaction of the case marking, the meaning of the host noun, the semantics of any predicate of which it is an argument and other contextually given factors. With respect to Estonian, it is argued that there is only one 'structural' case, the genitive, and this case marks non-subject, or oblique, dependency on some head. The partitive case, we argue, is semantically partitive in all its uses, except that the partitive meaning can be obscured or even eliminated depending on contextual factors. The nominative is merely the absence of case, associated with no specific positions or semantic effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)333-379
Number of pages47
JournalNordic Journal of Linguistics
Volume36
Issue number3
Early online date25 Oct 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013

Keywords

  • genitive
  • inferential approach to case
  • nominative
  • partitive case alternation
  • DIFFERENTIAL CASE MARKING
  • CASE ASSIGNMENT
  • FINNISH
  • OBJECT

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