Review Canine Tuberculosis - An Emerging Concern

Emi N Barker, Conor O'Halloran, Danièlle A Gunn-Moore

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Canine mycobacterial disease was first recognised over 100 years ago but is now an emerging concern. All reported cases of tuberculous disease in dogs have been caused by infection with one of three Mycobacterium tuberculosis-complex (MTBC) organisms (M. tuberculosis, Mycobacterium bovis, and Mycobacterium microti). Molecular PCR and interferon-gamma release assays offer alternative or complementary diagnostic pathways to that of specialist culture, which is limited by availability, sensitivity, and the time it takes to get a result. Optimised triple antimicrobial protocols offer an excellent chance of a successful outcome in dogs where treatment can be considered and is attempted. In this review, the clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of canine tuberculosis are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106111
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalThe Veterinary Journal
Volume305
Early online date9 Apr 2024
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 9 Apr 2024

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Interferon-gamma release assay
  • Mycobacterium bovis
  • Treatment
  • Tuberculosis Zoonosis

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