Review of environmental effects and treatment of runoff from storage and handling of wood

Asa Hedmark, Miklas Scholz

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review

Abstract

This review paper summarises the environmental effects of runoff from wood handling sites including log yards. The characteristics of site runoff and the corresponding effects on the receiving watercourses are presented for worldwide case studies, highlighting the urgent need to address the water pollution problem associated with the wood industry. The methods used to reduce the negative environmental impact of the runoff, such as constructed wetlands, soil infiltration and chemical oxidation, are evaluated. The principal environmental problem of runoff is usually the high concentration of organic substances originating from the wood and bark, some of which are toxic to aquatic life. Phosphorus is also a problem according to some studies. The toxicity of the runoff varies greatly, and depends on the species of tree stored, the amount of water the wood has been in contact with and the degree of runoff treatment. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5997-6009
Number of pages13
JournalBioresource technology
Volume99
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2008

Keywords

  • constructed wetland
  • log yard
  • receiving watercourse
  • runoff
  • wood industry
  • PAPER-MILL EFFLUENTS
  • SPRINKLED SOFTWOOD TIMBER
  • WOODWASTE LEACHATE
  • CONSTRUCTED WETLANDS
  • WASTE-WATER
  • STORMWATER RUNOFF
  • PRETREATED PULP
  • AQUATIC LIFE
  • WET STORAGE
  • YARD RUNOFF

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