Reviewing Solutions of Scale for Canine Rabies Elimination in India

Andrew D Gibson, Ryan M Wallace, Abdul Rahman, Omesh K Bharti, Shrikrishna Isloor, Frederic Lohr, Luke Gamble, Richard J Mellanby, Alasdair King, Michael J Day

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Canine rabies elimination can be achieved through mass vaccination of the dog population, as advocated by the WHO, OIE and FAO under the 'United Against Rabies' initiative. Many countries in which canine rabies is endemic are exploring methods to access dogs for vaccination, campaign structures and approaches to resource mobilization. Reviewing aspects that fostered success in rabies elimination campaigns elsewhere, as well as examples of largescale resource mobilization, such as that seen in the global initiative to eliminate poliomyelitis, may help to guide the planning of sustainable, scalable methods for mass dog vaccination. Elimination of rabies from the majority of Latin America took over 30 years, with years of operational trial and error before a particular approach gained the broad support of decision makers, governments and funders to enable widespread implementation. The endeavour to eliminate polio now enters its final stages; however, there are many transferrable lessons to adopt from the past 32 years of global scale-up. Additionally, there is a need to support operational research, which explores the practicalities of mass dog vaccination roll-out and what are likely to be feasible solutions at scale. This article reviews the processes that supported the scale-up of these interventions, discusses pragmatic considerations of campaign duration and work-force size and finally provides an examples hypothetical resource requirements for implementing mass dog vaccination at scale in Indian cities, with a view to supporting the planning of pilot campaigns from which expanded efforts can grow.

Original languageEnglish
JournalTropical Medicine and Infectious Disease
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 23 Mar 2020


  • rabies
  • dog
  • vaccination
  • campaign
  • scale-up
  • polio

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