Rhamnogalacturonan-II cross-linking of plant pectins via boron bridges occurs during polysaccharide synthesis and/or secretion

Dimitra Chormova, David J. Messenger, Stephen C. Fry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Rhamnogalacturonan-II (RG-II), a domain of plant cell wall pectins, is able to cross-link with other RG-II domains through borate diester bridges. Although it is known to affect mechanical properties of the cell wall, the biochemical requirements and lifecycle of this cross-linking remain unclear. We developed a PAGE methodology to allow separation of monomeric and dimeric RG-II and used this to study the dynamics of cross-linking in vitro and in vivo. Rosa cells grown in medium with no added boron contained no RG-II dimers, although these re-appeared after addition of boron to the medium. However, other Rosa cultures which were unable to synthesize new polysaccharides did not show dimer formation. We conclude that RG-II normally becomes cross-linked intraprotoplasmically or during secretion, but not post-secretion.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere28169
JournalPlant Signaling & Behavior
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Mar 2014

Keywords

  • Arabidopsis thaliana
  • Boron
  • Cell wall
  • Cross-linking
  • Gel electrophoresis
  • Pectin
  • Radiolabelling
  • Rhamnogalacturonan-II
  • Rosa sp

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