Rings of charge within the extracellular vestibule influence ion permeation of the 5-HT3A receptor

Matthew R Livesey, Michelle A Cooper, Jeremy J Lambert, John A Peters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The determinants of single channel conductance (γ) and ion selectivity within eukaryotic pentameric ligand-gated ion channels have traditionally been ascribed to amino acid residues within the second transmembrane domain and flanking sequences of their component subunits. However, recent evidence suggests that γ is additionally controlled by residues within the intracellular and extracellular domains. We examined the influence of two anionic residues (Asp(113) and Asp(127)) within the extracellular vestibule of a high conductance human mutant 5-hydroxytryptamine type-3A (5-HT(3)A) receptor (5-HT(3)A(QDA)) upon γ, modulation of the latter by extracellular Ca(2+), and the permeability of Ca(2+) with respect to Cs(+) (P(Ca)/P(Cs)). Mutations neutralizing (Asp → Asn), or reversing (Asp → Lys), charge at the 113 locus decreased inward γ by 46 and 58%, respectively, but outward currents were unaffected. The D127N mutation decreased inward γ by 82% and also suppressed outward currents, whereas the D127K mutation caused loss of observable single channel currents. The forgoing mutations, except for D127K, which could not be evaluated, ameliorated suppression of inwardly directed single channel currents by extracellular Ca(2+). The P(Ca)/P(Cs) of 3.8 previously reported for the 5-HT(3)A(QDA) construct was reduced to 0.13 and 0.06 by the D127N and D127K mutations, respectively, with lesser, but clearly significant, effects caused by the D113N (1.04) and D113K (0.60) substitutions. Charge selectivity between monovalent cations and anions (P(Na)/P(Cl)) was unaffected by any of the mutations examined. The data identify two key residues in the extracellular vestibule of the 5-HT(3)A receptor that markedly influence γ, P(Ca)/P(Cs), and additionally the suppression of γ by Ca(2+).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16008-17
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume286
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 May 2011

Keywords

  • Amino Acid Substitution
  • Calcium
  • Cell Line
  • Humans
  • Ion Transport
  • Mutation, Missense
  • Permeability
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Receptors, Serotonin, 5-HT3

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