Risk factors for herdsman-reported foot-and-mouth disease in the Adamawa Province of Cameroon

BMD Bronsvoort*, C Nfon, SM Hamman, VN Tanya, RP Kitching, KL Morgan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We analysed responses from 147 Fulani herdsmen to a questionnaire about cattle herd-level risk factors for foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in the previous year. The study used a cross-sectional design with a stratified, two-stage random sample of cattle herds in the Adamawa Province of Cameroon. The questionnaire was pre-tested at a local cattle market before a final version was translated into Foulfoulde (the local Fulani dialect). Variables were screened using a univariable analysis and logistic multiple-regression models were developed in a forward-selection process. Fifty-eight percent (50-65; 90% CIs) of herdsmen reported FMD in their herd in the previous 12 months. Important fisk factors for FMD in the previous 12 months included going on transhumance (OR = 2.6), buying cattle from markets (OR = 2.2), mixing of herds at watering points (OR = 2.4), feeding cotton-seed cake (OR = 3.3), buffalo near the herd (OR = 2.2) and administrative division. For the subset of herds that went on transhumance, coming in contact with an FMDV-diseased herd while on transhumance was the strongest factor (OR = 16). (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-139
Number of pages13
JournalPreventive Veterinary Medicine
Volume66
Issue number1-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2004

Keywords

  • risk factor
  • foot-and-mouth disease
  • Cameroon
  • logistic regression
  • cattle
  • BUFFALO SYNCERUS-CAFFER
  • TRANSMISSION
  • VIRUS
  • EPIDEMIOLOGY

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