RNA-Seq profiling between commercial and indigenous Iranian chickens highlights differences in innate immune gene expression

Ayeh Sadat Sadr, Mohammad reza Nassiri, Mostafa Ghaderi-Zefrehei, Maryam Heidari, Jacqueline Smith, Mustafa Mohaghegh Dolatabady

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

The purpose of the current study was to examine transcriptomic-based profiling of differentially expressed innate immune genes between indigenous and commercial chickens. In order to compare the transcriptome profiles of the different chicken breeds, we extracted RNA from blood samples of the Isfahan indigenous chicken (as indigenous) and Ross broiler chicken (as commercial) breeds. RNA-Seq yielded totals of 36,763,939 and 31,545,002 reads for the indigenous and commercial breeds, respectively, with clean reads then aligned to the chicken reference genome (Galgal5). Overall, 1327 genes were significantly differentially expressed, of which 1013 genes were upregulated in the commercial versus the indigenous breed, while 314 were more highly expressed in the indigenous birds. Furthermore, our results demonstrated that the SPARC, ATP6V0D2, IL4I1, SMPDL3A, ADAM7, TMCC3, ULK2, MYO6, THG1L and IRG1 genes were the most significantly expressed genes in the commercial birds and the PAPPA, DUSP1, PSMD12, LHX8, IL8, TRPM2, GDAP1L1, FAM161A, ABCC2 and ASAH2 genes were the most significant in the indigenous chickens. Of notable finding in this study was that the high-level gene expressions of heat-shock proteins (HSPs) in the indigenous breeds could serve as a guideline for future genetic improvement. This study identified genes with breed-specific expression, and comparative transcriptome analysis helped understanding of the differences in underlying genetic mechanisms between commercial and local breeds. Therefore, the current results can be used to identify candidate genes for further breed improvement.

Original languageEnglish
Article number793
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages14
JournalGenes
Volume14
Issue number4
Early online date25 Mar 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • chickens
  • commercial
  • indigenous
  • gene expression
  • immune genes
  • RNA-Seq
  • transcriptome

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