Roadmap on biology in time varying environments

Arvind Murugan, Kabir Husain, Michael Rust, Joseph T Bass, Chelsea Hepler, Julian Pietsch, Peter S Swain, Siddhartha G Jena, Jared E. Toettcher, Arup K. Chakraborty, Kayla G. Sprenger, Thierry Mora, Aleksandra Walczak, Olivier Rivoire, Shenshen Wang, Kevin Wood, Antun Skanata, Edo Kussell, Rama Ranganathan, Hong-Yan ShihNigel Goldenfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Biological organisms experience constantly changing environments, from sudden changes in physiology brought about by feeding, to the regular rising and setting of the sun, to ecological changes over evolutionary timescales. Living organisms have evolved to thrive in this changing world but the general principles by which organisms shape and are shaped by time varying environments remain elusive. Our understanding is particularly poor in the intermediate regime with no separation of timescales, where the environment changes on the same timescale as the physiological or evolutionary response. Experiments to systematically characterize the response to dynamic environments are challenging since such environments are inherently high dimensional. This Roadmap deals with the unique role played by time varying environments in biological phenomena across scales, from physiology to evolution, seeking to emphasize the commonalities and the challenges faced in this emerging area of research.
Original languageEnglish
Article number041502
Pages (from-to)1-33
Number of pages33
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 17 May 2021


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