1. The role of the adhesion glycoproteins CD18 and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in inflammatory responses produced during a reversed passive Arthus (RPA) reaction and induced by zymosan and zymosan-activated plasma (ZAP) were studied in rabbit skin. 2. Oedema formation and haemorrhage were quantified by measuring accumulation of 125I-albumin and 111In-labelled red blood cells (111In-RBC) respectively. 3. Monoclonal antibody (mAb) R15.7 (anti-CD18), administered intravenously, abolished accumulation of 125I-albumin and 111In-RBC in dermal RPA reactions and in response to locally injected zymosan and ZAP. 4. When administered intravenously, the mAb RR1/1 (anti-ICAM-1) suppressed 125I-albumin and 111In-RBC accumulation in dermal RPA reactions and at sites treated with zymosan and ZAP. 5. Oedema formation in response to platelet-activating factor (PAF) and bradykinin (BK) either in the presence or absence of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) were not affected by mAb R15.7 or by mAb RR1/1.1.1. 6. We conclude that oedema formation and haemorrhage associated with RPA reactions and in responses to zymosan and ZAP are completely CD18-dependent, and are mediated, at least in part, via ICAM-1. Responses to the neutrophil-independent oedema forming mediators, PAF and BK are not dependent upon CD18 or ICAM-1.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||British Journal of Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1994|