Root hairs are formed by two separate processes: initiation and subsequent tip growth. Root hair initiation is always accompanied by a highly localized increase in xyloglucan endotransglycosylase (XET) action at the site of future bulge formation, where the trichoblast locally loosens its cell wall. This suggests an important role of XET in the first stages of root hair initiation. The tip of growing root hairs is not marked by localized high XET action. Experiments in which root hair initiation was modulated and observations on root hair mutants support this view. The ethylene precursor 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid shifts both root hair initiation and the local increase in XET action toward the root tip. On the other hand, roots treated with the ethylene inhibitor aminoethoxyvinyl-glycine, as well as roots of mutants affected in root hair initiation (rhl1, rhd6-1, and axr2-1) revealed no localized increases of XET action at all and consequently did not initiate root hairs. Disruption of actin and microtubules did not prevent the localized increase in XET action. Also, the temporal and spatial pattern of action as the specific pH dependence suggest that different isoforms of XET act in different processes of root development.
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2001|