Rotational thrombolelastometry produces potentially clinical useful results within 10 min in bleeding Emergency Department patients: The DEUCE study

Matthew J. Reed*, Alastair F. Nimmo, Danny McGee, Lynn Manson, Alice E. Neffendorf, Linzi Moir, Lucienne S. Donaldson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES AND BACKGROUND: For the first time in the Emergency Department (ED), to assess the use of rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) in patients presenting with all-cause haemodynamic shock, specifically (a) to establish whether a 5- min (A5) or a 10-min result (A10) is accurate compared with a final maximum clot firmness (MCF) result; (b) to compare time to A10 and formal laboratory coagulation result; (c) to assess whether bleeding ED trauma, gastrointestinal and aortic aneurysm patients are coagulopathic according to ROTEM; and (d) to compare ROTEM results with formal laboratory coagulation parameters. METHODS: Patients presenting to the ED in haemodynamic shock were recruited. A citrated coagulation sample was taken and once a ROTEM researcher arrived in the ED, was subjected to ROTEM analysis. RESULTS: Between 28 September 2010 and 31 August 2011, 40 patients were recruited (15 gastrointestinal bleeds, 20 major trauma cases and five ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms). A10 and MCF correlated well (κ=0.98); A5 and MCF correlated less well (κ=0.91). The mean time to result (SD) was 57 (28) min for the formal laboratory coagulation result and 50 (45) min for the ROTEM A10 result (including delay to start of analysis). Seven patients were coagulopathic on ROTEM. CONCLUSION: Eighteen percent of bleeding ED patients are coagulopathic using ROTEM including 25% of trauma patients. A 10-min ROTEM clot firmness (A10) is an excellent surrogate for MCF and allows a result to be obtained earlier than formal laboratory results and potentially within 10 min of the patient arriving in the ED.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)160-166
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Emergency Medicine
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013

Keywords

  • aortic rupture
  • blood coagulation
  • emergency medicine
  • gastrointestinal haemorrhage
  • trauma

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