Round Robin: A new qualitative methodology for identifying drivers of violence against children

Deborah Fry, Tendai C. Nhenga-Chakarisa, Noriko Izumi, Bekkah Bernheim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Violence affecting children (VAC) is a significant global health and human rights issue. This article highlights a new qualitative methodology, the Round Robin, for understanding the drivers of violence against children. Traditionally, qualitative research exploring VAC has focused on identifying the risk and protective factors which affect the likelihood a child will experience or witness violence. In recent years, scholars have recognised the need to situate children in their socio-cultural context and consider what causes risk and protective factors; that is, what drives violence at the structural and institutional levels of society. The Round Robin methodology sits within the participatory paradigm and contributes not only to the field of violence research, but to qualitative research more broadly, as it can be adapted to fit diverse social issues and contexts. The Round Robin combines focus groups and participatory techniques in an intensive three-day workshop model inspired by the World Café. In this paper, we firstly introduce the Round Robin methodology and situate it in relation to other approaches. We then describe and critique how the Round Robin methodology was piloted with 136 young people in Zimbabwe to identify drivers of violence affecting children. We then justify the methods used to collect data, and the strategy for data recording and analysis. We conclude by identifying the strengths and weaknesses we uncovered piloting this new methodology in Zimbabwe.
Original languageEnglish
Article number12
Pages (from-to)1975-1997
JournalThe Qualitative Report (TQR)
Issue number9
Early online date14 Sept 2022
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2022

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Round Robin
  • qualitative research
  • focus groups
  • participatory techniques
  • violence affecting children
  • Zimbabwe


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