Run-time integrity monitoring of untrustworthy analog front-ends

Heba Salem, Nigel Topham

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract / Description of output

Recent advances in hardware attacks, such as cross talk and covert channel based attacks, expose the structural and operational vulnerability of analog and mixed-signal circuit elements to the introduction of malicious and untrustworthy behaviour at run-time, potentially leading to adverse physical, personal, and environmental consequences. One untrustworthy behaviour of concern, is the introduction of abnormal/unexpected frequencies to the signals at the analog/ digital interface of a SoC, realised through intermittent bit-flipping or stuck-at-faults in the middle and lower bits of these signals. In this paper, we study the impact of these actions and propose integrity monitoring of signals of concern based on analysing the temporal and arithmetic relations between their samples. This paper presents a hybrid software/ hardware machine-learning based framework that consists of two phases; a run-time monitoring phase, and a trustworthiness assessment phase. The framework is evaluated with three different applications and its effectiveness in detecting the untrustworthy behaviour of concern is verified. This framework is device, application, and architecture agnostic, and relies only on analysing the output of the analog front-end, allowing its implementation in SoCs with on-chip and custom analog front-ends as well as those with outsourced and commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) analog front-ends
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2023 Design, Automation & Test in Europe Conference & Exhibition (DATE)
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9783981926378
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jun 2023
EventDesign, Automation & Test in Europe Conference 2023 - Antwerp, Belgium
Duration: 17 Apr 202319 Apr 2023

Publication series

NameDesign, Automation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition
ISSN (Print)1530-1591
ISSN (Electronic)1558-1101


ConferenceDesign, Automation & Test in Europe Conference 2023
Abbreviated titleDATE 2023
Internet address

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Hardware security
  • Hardware trust
  • Run-time monitoring


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