Scalable and Recoverable Implementation of Object Evolution for the PJama1 Platform

M. P. Atkinson, M. Dmitriev, C. Hamilton, T. Printezis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


PJama1 is the latest version of an orthogonally persistent platform for Java. It depends on a new persistent object store, Sphere, and provides facilities for class evolution. This evolution technology supports an arbitrary set of changes to the classes, which may have arbitrarily large populations of persistent objects. We verify that the changes are safe. When there are format changes, we also convert all of the instances, while leaving their identities unchanged. We aspire to both very large persistent object stores and freedom for developers to specify arbitrary conversion methods in Java to convey information from old to new formats.
Evolution operations must be safe and the evolution cost should be approximately linear in the number of objects that must be reformatted. In order that these conversion methods can be written easily, we continue to present the pre-evolution state consistently to Java executions throughout an evolution. At the completion of applying all of these transformations, we must switch the store state to present only the post-evolution state, with object identity preserved. We present an algorithm that meets these requirements for eager, total conversion.
This paper focuses on the mechanisms built into Sphere to support safe, atomic and scalable evolution. We report our experiences in using this technology and include a preliminary set of performance measurements.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPersistent Object Systems: Design, Implementation, and Use
Subtitle of host publication9th International Workshop, POS-9 Lillehammer, Norway, September 6–8, 2000 Revised Papers
EditorsGraham N. C. Kirby, Alan Dearle, Dag I. K. Sjøberg
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-540-45498-4
ISBN (Print)978-3-540-42735-3
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
ISSN (Print)0302-9743


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