Scale-invariant freezing of entanglement

Titas Chanda, Tamoghna Das, Debasis Sadhukhan, Amit Kumar Pal, Aditi Sen(De), Ujjwal Sen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

We show that bipartite entanglement in an one-dimensional quantum spin model undergoing time evolution due to local Markovian environments can be frozen over time. We demonstrate this by using a number of paradigmatic quantum spin models including the anisotropic XY model in the presence of a uniform and an alternating transverse magnetic field (ATXY), the XXZ model, the XYZ model, and the J1−J2 model involving the next-nearest-neighbor interactions. We show that the length of the freezing interval, for a chosen pair of nearest-neighbor spins, may remain independent of the length of the spin chain, for example, in paramagnetic phases of the ATXY model, indicating a scale invariance. Freezing of entanglement is found to be robust against a change in the environment temperature, the presence of disorder in the system, and whether the noise is dissipative or not dissipative. Moreover, we connect the freezing of entanglement with the propagation of information through a quantum many-body system, as considered in the Lieb-Robinson theorem. We demonstrate that the variation of the freezing duration exhibits a quadratic behavior against the distance of the nearest-neighbor spin pair from the noise source, obtained from exact numerical simulations, in contrast to the linear one as predicted by the Lieb-Robinson theorem.
Original languageEnglish
Article number062324
Number of pages12
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume97
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2018

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