Scan-to-BIM for ‘secondary’ building components

Antonio Adán, Blanca Quintana, Samuel A. Prieto, Frédéric Bosché

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Works dealing with Scan-to-BIM have, to date, principally focused on 'structural' components such as floors, ceilings and walls (with doors and windows). But the control of new facilities and the production of their corresponding as-is BIM models requires the identification and inspection of numerous other building components and objects, e.g. MEP components, such as plugs, switches, ducts, and signs. In this paper, we present a new 6D-based (XYZ + RGB) approach that processes dense coloured 3D points provided by terrestrial laser scanners in order to recognize the aforementioned smaller objects that are commonly located on walls. This paper focuses on the recognition of objects such as sockets, switches, signs, extinguishers and others. After segmenting the point clouds corresponding to the walls of a building, a set of candidate objects are detected independently in the colour and geometric spaces, and an original consensus procedure integrates both results in order to infer recognition. Finally, the recognized object is positioned and inserted in the as-is semantically-rich 3D model, or BIM model. The assessment of the method has been carried out in simulated scenarios under virtual scanning providing high recognition rates and precise positioning results. Experimental tests in real indoors using our MoPAD (Mobile Platform for Autonomous Digitization) platform have also yielded promising results.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-138
Number of pages20
JournalAdvanced Engineering Informatics
Volume37
Early online date16 May 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018

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