Scattering of low-Reynolds-number swimmers

G. P. Alexander*, C. M. Pooley, J. M. Yeomans

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

We describe the consequences of time-reversal invariance of the Stokes equations for the hydrodynamic scattering of two low-Reynolds-number swimmers. For swimmers that are related to each other by a time-reversal transformation, this leads to the striking result that the angle between the two swimmers is preserved by the scattering. The result is illustrated for the particular case of a linked-sphere model swimmer. For more general pairs of swimmers, not related to each other by time reversal, we find that hydrodynamic scattering can alter the angle between their trajectories by several tens of degrees. For two identical contractile swimmers, this can lead to the formation of a bound state.

Original languageEnglish
Article number045302
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review E
Volume78
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2008

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • HYDRODYNAMIC INTERACTION
  • MICROORGANISMS
  • BACTERIA
  • PROPULSION
  • DYNAMICS

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