Schela Cladovei - a reinterpretation of the osseous industry from the 1965-1968 excavations

Adina Boroneanț, Monica Mărgărit, Valentin Radu, Clive Bonsall

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract / Description of output

Schela Cladovei is one of the most important Mesolithic–Neolithic sites in Southeast Europe. The range of archaeological materials recovered from this site in over five decades of archaeological investigation is considerable, yet very few details have been published. In this paper, we review the osseous assemblage from the first three seasons of excavation at Schela Cladovei, conducted by Vasile Boroneanț between 1965 and 1968. The significance of the present study lies in its recognition and discussion of apparent technological changes at the transition from the Mesolithic to the Early Neolithic. The evidence suggests there was much greater emphasis on the use of antler during the Mesolithic, with one major artefact category dominating the Schela Cladovei assemblage: bevelled tools. Similarly, wild boar and dog teeth may also have been more important during the Mesolithic at Schela Cladovei. Both antler and tusk tools were probably employed in woodworking activities. Points were the only tool type made of bone. There is a difference between the points associated with the ‘Mesolithic’ and ‘Early Neolithic’ artefact series, with projectile points identified only in the ‘Mesolithic’ series. Further research on the entire collection from Schela Cladovei, supported by direct AMS 14C dating of individual artefacts, is required to reliably document trends in bone manufacturing over the Mesolithic to Early Neolithic time range.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationQuestiones Praehistoricae
Subtitle of host publicationStudia in Honorem Professoris Vasile Chirica
EditorsCornelia-Magda Lazarovici, Alexandru Berzovan
Place of PublicationBucureşti
PublisherEditura Academiei Române
Pages197-221
Number of pages25
ISBN (Electronic)9786066543149
ISBN (Print)9789732730119
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Iron Gates
  • Mesolithic
  • Neolithic
  • raw materials
  • technological analysis
  • use-wear marks

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