Screening ethnically diverse human embryonic stem cells identifies a chromosome 20 minimal amplicon conferring growth advantage

International Stem Cell Initiative, Katherine Amps, Peter W Andrews, George Anyfantis, Lyle Armstrong, Stuart Avery, Hossein Baharvand, Julie Baker, Duncan Baker, Maria B Munoz, Stephen Beil, Nissim Benvenisty, Dalit Ben-Yosef, Juan-Carlos Biancotti, Alexis Bosman, Romulo Martin Brena, Daniel Brison, Gunilla Caisander, María V Camarasa, Jieming ChenEric Chiao, Young Min Choi, Andre B H Choo, Daniel Collins, Alan Colman, Jeremy M Crook, George Q Daley, Anne Dalton, Paul A De Sousa, Chris Denning, Janet Downie, Petr Dvorak, Karen D Montgomery, Anis Feki, Angela Ford, Victoria Fox, Ana M Fraga, Tzvia Frumkin, Lin Ge, Paul J Gokhale, Tamar Golan-Lev, Hamid Gourabi, Michal Gropp, Guangxiu Lu, Ales Hampl, Katie Harron, Lyn Healy, Wishva Herath, Frida Holm, Outi Hovatta, Steve Pells

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The International Stem Cell Initiative analyzed 125 human embryonic stem (ES) cell lines and 11 induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cell lines, from 38 laboratories worldwide, for genetic changes occurring during culture. Most lines were analyzed at an early and late passage. Single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis revealed that they included representatives of most major ethnic groups. Most lines remained karyotypically normal, but there was a progressive tendency to acquire changes on prolonged culture, commonly affecting chromosomes 1, 12, 17 and 20. DNA methylation patterns changed haphazardly with no link to time in culture. Structural variants, determined from the SNP arrays, also appeared sporadically. No common variants related to culture were observed on chromosomes 1, 12 and 17, but a minimal amplicon in chromosome 20q11.21, including three genes expressed in human ES cells, ID1, BCL2L1 and HM13, occurred in >20% of the lines. Of these genes, BCL2L1 is a strong candidate for driving culture adaptation of ES cells.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1132-1144
Number of pages13
JournalNature Biotechnology
Volume29
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011

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