claims are supported in the current food security literature is unclear. This review assesses the extent to which seafood is
represented in the recent food security literature, both individually and from a food systems perspective, in combination with
terrestrially-based production systems. The results demonstrate that seafood remains under-researched compared to the role of
terrestrial animal and plant production in food security. Furthermore, seafood and terrestrial production remain siloed, with
very few papers addressing the combined contribution or relations between terrestrial and aquatic systems. We conclude that
far more attention is needed to the specific and relative role of seafood in global food security and call for the integration of
seafood in a wider interdisciplinary approach to global food system research.