Segmentation of SLAR Imagery with Convolutional LSTM Selectional AutoEncoders

Antonio-Javier Gallego, Pablo Gil, Antonio Pertusa, Robert Fisher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

We present a method to detect maritime oil spills from Side-Looking Airborne Radar (SLAR) sensors mounted on aircraft in order to enable a quick response of emergency services when an oil spill occurs. The proposed approach introduces a new type of neural architecture named Convolutional Long Short Term Memory Selectional AutoEncoders (CMSAE) which allows the simultaneous segmentation of multiple classes such as coast, oil spill and ships. Unlike previous works using full SLAR images, in this work only a few scanlines from the beam-scanning of radar are needed to perform the detection. The main objective is to develop a method that performs accurate segmentation using only the current and previous sensor information, in order to return a real-time response during the flight. The proposed architecture uses a series of CMSAE networks to process in parallel each of the objectives defined as different classes. The output of these networks are given to a machine learning classifier to perform the final detection. Results show that the proposed approach can reliably detect oil spills and other maritime objects in SLAR sequences, outperforming the accuracy of previous state-of-the-art methods and with a response time of only 0.76 s.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1402
Number of pages41
JournalRemote Sensing
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jun 2019


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