Background and Purpose Endothelin (ET) receptor antagonism reduces neointimal lesion formation in animal models. This investigation addressed the hypothesis that the selective ETA receptor antagonist sitaxentan would be more effective than mixed ETA/B receptor antagonism at inhibiting neointimal proliferation in a mouse model of intraluminal injury.
Experimental Approach Antagonism of ETA receptors by sitaxentan (1-100nM) was assessed in femoral arteries isolated from adult, male C57Bl6 mice using isometric wire myography. Neointimal lesion development was induced by intraluminal injury in mice receiving sitaxentan (ETA antagonist; 15mg center dot kg(-1)center dot day(-1)), A192621 (ETB antagonist; 30mg center dot kg(-1)center dot day(-1)), the combination of both antagonists or vehicle. Treatment began 1 week before, and continued for 28days after, surgery. Femoral arteries were then harvested for analysis of lesion size and composition.
Key Results Sitaxentan produced a selective, concentration-dependent parallel rightward shift of ET-1-mediated contraction in isolated femoral arteries. Sitaxentan reduced neointimal lesion size, whereas ETB and combined ETA/B receptor antagonism did not. Macrophage and -smooth muscle actin content were unaltered by ET receptor antagonism but sitaxentan reduced the amount of collagen in lesions.
Conclusions and Implications These results suggest that ETA receptor antagonism would be more effective than combined ETA/ETB receptor antagonism at reducing neointimal lesion formation.
- PHARMACOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION
- BALLOON ANGIOPLASTY
- ARRIVE GUIDELINES
- ET(B) RECEPTORS
- VASCULAR INJURY
- KNOCKOUT MICE