Self report in clinical and epidemiological studies with non-English speakers: the challenge of language and culture

Sanja M Hunt, Raj Bhopal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Internationally, there is a drive for equality in health care for ethnic groups. To achieve equality, produce sound policies, and provide appropriately targeted services good quality data are essential. Where data are based upon self report, especially from non-English speakers, there are major barriers to the accumulation of reliable and valid information. When data collection instruments designed for English speakers are simply translated into ethnic minority languages, measurement error can result from inadequate translation procedures, inappropriate content, insensitivity of items, and the failure of researchers to make themselves familiar with cultural norms and beliefs. More attention should be paid to conceptual and cultural factors especially in epidemiological and clinical studies where self report is used to gather data. More interdisciplinary collaboration is necessary as well as a modification of customary methods of data collection and the assumptions behind them. The essence of such modifications entails participatory research with members of the linguistic communities concerned.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)618-22
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Epidemiology & Community Health
Volume58
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2004

Keywords

  • Communication Barriers
  • Culture
  • Data Collection
  • Epidemiologic Studies
  • Ethnic Groups
  • Health Services Needs and Demand
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Language
  • Minority Groups
  • Self Concept
  • Translating

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